Last Updated: 4th May, 2020

Ramadan 2020

Five Pillars Of Islam

When is Ramadan 2020?

Ramadan 2020 will begin in the evening of Friday, 24 April and ends in the evening of Sunday, 24 May

What is Ramadan?

This question comes to our mind many times when we come across the word Ramadan. The answer to this question is, Ramadan is the ninth month of Islamic calander. It is a belief that in the month of Ramadan the Holy book of Muslims, Quran was sent down from heaven as guidance for men and also as a direction and a means to Salvation.

Ramadan is the month of fast. The entire month Muslims fast with no water and food during the daytime.Muslims have food only before the sunrises and after the sunsets. The day starts with eating of the suhoor. Suhoor is the meal eaten by the Muslims who fast before the sun rises. Once suhoor is done then Muslims who fast cannot eat or drink the whole day. In the evening when the sun sets then they have another meal called If tar. To open the fast they pray and have Iftar meal. Once Iftar is over Muslims visit their relative's house and early in the morning sets back to the fast.

  • During Ramadan, observant Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. Fasting is not only about abstaining from food and drink: Muslims must also refrain from smoking, taking oral medications and engaging in sexual activities, as well as gossip, fighting and lying.
  • Muslims practice fasting upon reaching puberty. Some people are exempted, such as those who are ill or frail; women who are pregnant, lactating or menstruating; and travelers.
  • Fasting during Ramadan is a time for Muslims to commit themselves more to God and render "great services to the community in terms of helping the poor, assisting the needy and sharing whatever one has with others.
  • The fast will be considered to be nullified if one eats or drinks, intentionally vomits, has sexual intercourse or has menstrual or childbirth bleeding.

Information About Ramadan

Five Pillars Of Islam
  • Islamic religion defines evil in terms of anger, envy, greed, lust, malice, gossiping etc strictly.
  • Sexual intercourse is prohibited during the fasting period.
  • Purity is maintained at physical as well as mental level. The ritual of fasting is named as Sawm, which is again an Arabic term.

Exemptions from Ramadan

Being a Muslim it is a duty to carry out Ramadan fast, as it is one of the pillars of Islam, which every Muslim must follow. Also Ramadan is said to be the holy month for Muslims as several believes are associated with it.somehow, some of the conditions exempt some Muslims from Ramadan fast like:

  • Children below twelve years.
  • Muslims who are physically and mentally challenged.
  • Senior Muslim citizen.
  • Muslims who travel for long distances.
  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers.
  • Women who are menstruating.

Ramadan Rituals

There is a stark difference between how Sunni Muslims perform Ramadan rituals and how Shia Muslims do.

  • Sunni Muslims attempt to recite the whole Quran at one go via specialeid ul fitr prayer ceremony, which they have named as 'Tarawih'. This goes on during the entire month of Ramadan. Whereas, Shia Muslims call the same practice as 'Bidah' and beware all not to perform it. Rather, they perform 'Qiyam-al-layl' or 'Tahajjud' at every night of the month.
  • The holy month of Ramadan is divided into three parts:
    Rahmat, Maghfirat and Nijat.
    a. While Rahmat means "mercy of God"
    b. Maghfirat means "forgiveness of God"
    c. Nijat means "salvation". As their meaning suggest, Muslims (followers of the holy Quran), ask for Allah's blessings to make their life meaningful.

Ramadan Prayers

During Ramadan it is made sure that all the Muslims are devoted to worship God rather than any other work. Muslims visit mosque during Ramadan. Apart from the daily five prayers during Ramadan Muslims recite Taraweeh prayer also called the Night prayer. Some of the Muslims are so devoted that they spend the entire night praying. According to Islam Ramadan fast is the way when a Muslim can devote himself to god truly without giving much concern to other activities of the day.

(Prayer) at the Beginning of the Fast

Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawaiytu min shahri ramadan

I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan

(Prayer) at the End of the Fast

Allahumma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu wa alayka tawakkaltu wa ala rizq-ika-aftartu

O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with Your sustenance


Ramadan Duration

Ramadan starts with the sighting of the crescent moon (hilal) and last for a period of one month. When the hilal is visible again at the end of the month, it is the time to celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr (break the fast).


Ramadan Routine

Five Pillars Of Islam

During Ramadan Muslims have meal twice a day. One before the sunrise and one after the sunset. The meal before sunrise is called the suhoor meal and the meal after the sunset is called the Iftar meal. Muslims fast during the daytime. During Ramadan Muslims spend most of their time in remembering Allah by reciting Ramadan Dua and visiting mosque. Apart from the five daily prayers they also recite Taraweeh prayer, and on Lailatul Qadr, also called as the night of power, when Muslims spend their entire night praying to Allah.


Breaking the fast

Five Pillars Of Islam

Muslims intending to fast wake up early and eat a light meal, known as suhoor, before dawn. Suhoor is typically consumed about half an hour before dawn, in time for the fajr, or morning, prayer. After the sun fully sets at the end of each day, the person typically breaks his or her fast with water and dates, followed by prayers and then a meal called iftar.

At the end of Ramadan, a three-day spiritual celebration known as Eid al-Fitr occurs. During this time, Muslims rejoice in the completion of the fast. Family members and friends gather to share in feasts and prayers. During the three days, Muslims attend prayers in the morning, and then visit family, friends, neighbors, the sick and the elderly. Feasts are shared with family and friends and small gifts are given.


Five Pillars Of Islam

Five Pillars Of Islam

Ramadan is the month of fasting. It is believed that this is the most effective way when a Muslim can truly devote his soul to god. It's the best way to concentrate on the devotion to god and withdrawing self from the schedule of life. Fasting is one of the pillars of Islam, which a Muslim has to follow. Pillars here refer to the duties followed by a Muslim. Five pillars of Islam are:

  1. Reciting the two-fold Creed (Shahada) (profession of faith) - 'There is no God but Allah' and 'Muhammad is his prophet' (or 'Muhammad is the Messenger of God')
  2. Prayer (salat) - At five set-times a day while facing towards the city of Mecca.
  3. Alms-giving (sakat) (zakat - means 'purification', an act of worship) -obligatory and voluntary giving to the poor.
  4. Fasting (saum) - Especially during the 'holy' month of Ramadan.
  5. Pilgrimage (hajj) - At least once in a lifetime - to Mecca, Saudi Arabia if at all possible, known as The Hajj.

Ramadan Instagram Captions

Ramadan Quiz
  • Ramadan is the staircase to Jannah.
  • Ramadan is the month of charity, so purify your money along with your soul.
  • Don't be a servant of Ramadan be a servant of ALLAH be consistent.
  • Ramzan does not come to change our schedules. it comes to change our hearts.
  • The light of the world will illuminate within you when you fast and purify yourself.
  • Make this Ramadan the turning point in your life. Break free from the deceptions of the world and indulge in the sweetness of Iman.
  • नमाज मिट्टी के इंसान को भी सोना बना देती है
  • #वह जो रब है ना वह थाम भी लेगा और संभाल भी लेगा।
  • लोग छोड़ देते हैं मगर अल्लाह नहीं
  • जिस घर में अल्लाह का जिक्र होता है उस घर में सुकून मोहब्बत बरकत और रहमत बरसती है।
  • खुदा चाहे तो अधूरे किस्से भी मुकम्मल हो जाते हैं।

Ramadan Quiz

Ramadan Quiz

1. Which festival occurs at the end of Ramadan?
And - Eid Al-Fitr

2. The Qur'an was first revealed in the month of Ramadan. Which Surah in the Holy Qur'an affirms this?
Ans - Allah says in Surah Al-Baqarah

3. On the Day of Resurrection those who fast will be called to enter Paradise through which gate?
Ans - Ar-Rayyan

4. It is said that the odour of a fasting person's mouth is more fragrant to Allah than what?
Ans - Musk

5. Which month of the Islamic Calendar is Ramadan?
Ans - 9th

6. What does Laylatul-Qadr mean?
Ans - Night of Power or Decree

7. Where was Prophet Muhammad born?
Ans - Mecca

8. Islam is based on Five Pillars of Faith. To which one Ramadan fast belong?
Ans - Fourth Pillar

9. What is meant by the word Muslim?
Ans - One who gives himself to God

10. What is something you cannot do during Ramadan?
Ans - Eat

11. In which year was fasting in Ramadan enjoined on the Muslims?
Ans - 2 A.H. ; 623 C.E

12. What are the names of the Islamic months before and after Ramadan.
Ans - Month before Ramadan : Sha'ban
Month after Ramadan : Shawwal


13. Generally, at what age does fasting in Ramadan become compulsory?
Ans - When someone attains puberty, at the age of 13 or 14

14. What does Iftaar mean?
Ans - Eating after sunset to break the fast

15. When do Muslims fast during Ramadan?
Ans - From Dawn to Sunset