Situated in Amritsar, Punjab, Golden Temple is one of the most sacred sites of India. Sikh people throughout the world consider it as the symbol of strength and magnificence.
It is also popularly known as Sri Harmandir Sahib. Rich ideologies and history of Sikhism are attached with Golden Temple.
Are you interested in knowing more about this holiest shrine? Then simply have a look!
Golden Temple is regarded as the apposite example of the spirit of acceptance and tolerance, which is advocated by the philosophies of Sikhism. The popular symbols of worship are included in its architecture. Sri Harmandir Sahib or Sri Darbar Sahib is named after temple of God, Hari.
Do you have any idea why is it called Golden Temple? Well, it is called so on account of its picturesque beauty and lavish golden coating. This concept is very popular and especially meant for today’s English speaking world. Sikh people across the world deeply desire to pay a visit and pay obeisance at this sacred temple. The architecture of Golden Temple is simply lavish that cannot be described in words.
The structure is built on a lower level unlike the style of Hindu temple, where there is mainly one entrance gate. It has four open sides. This temple is built on a huge platform or space. There are four doors on four directions. You will observe an elegant artistic style in each and every aspect of the decoration.
Built in 1577, the temple's dome is gilded with 750 kg of gold.
1. The Golden Temple is also known as "Darbar Sahib” or “Harmandar Sahib", is located in Amritsar, Punjab.
2. The Golden Temple is regarded as the most sacred place of worship for the Sikhs.
3. Long before the Golden Temple was built, Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru used to mediate at the holy site.
4. The foundation stone of the auspicious Golden Temple was laid by a famous Sufi saint Mian Mir.
5. The construction of Sri Haramandir Sahib was initiated by Guru Arjan, the fifth Sikh Guru. He also designed the entire architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. The construction started in the year 1581 and took almost 8 years to complete.
6. Darbar sahib is surrounded by a manmade lake known as 'Amrit Sarovar' which means 'Pool of Holy Nectar.
7. Golden Temple was named after the outer layer of gold foil that covers the entire temple. After the death of Guru Govind Singh, this gurudwara was constantly attacked and destroyed by the Islamic rulers.
8. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a brave Sikh ruler rebuilt the rich heritage with marble and adorned it with gold.
9. There are four entrances to the temple which shows openness to all devotees irrespective of caste, creed and religion.
10. The temple is surrounded by a manmade lake. The manmade lake around the temple is known as 'Amrit Sarovar' which means ‘Pool of Holy Nectar’. Before offering prayers, devotees take bath in the holy water of the Sarovar. Earlier, legends used to say that a holy dip in the Amrit Sarovar can cure ailments and disorders.
11. Baba Deep Singh is one of the famous martyrs in the history of India. He vowed to take his last breath at Sri Harmandir Sahib. In 1757, when Amritsar was invaded by Jahan Khan, Baba Deep Singh fought the battle with five thousand men. During the fierce battle, his head was separated from the body. However, he held his head with one hand kept fighting with the enemies in order to reach the shrine and die on its floor.
12. The first floor of the temple is submerged in the Amrit Sarovar and is only visible during kar sewa. As the Golden Temple is set up at a lower level below the ground, the stairs leading to the shrine go downwards.This signifies humble living.
13. The largest langar of all gurudwaras is organised everyday at the Golden Temple, where around 100,000 people a day are fed for free by temple volunteers, but the number double during special occasions. Around 12,000 kg of floor, 1,500 kg of rice, 13,000 kg of lentils and upto 2,000 kg of vegetables are consumed everyday.
14. Golden Temple is a unique blend of the Hindu as well as the Islamic architecture. The shrine is decorated with marble sculptures and paintings that look similar to the Taj Mahal.
15. Golden Temple attracts millions of devotees every month. The operation and maintenance of gurudwara are entirely managed through donations. But the task of cooking, cleaning as well as serving food is managed by the volunteers who work at the shrine free of cost.
Some of the main objects of interest at this holy place are listed below, just check them out –