Eid-ul-Fitr also spelled as Eid al-Fitar is the most important festival of the followers of Islam. Known to be originated by Prophet Muhammed, Eid is a day of no fasting. It comes at the end of the month of Ramadan with morning till evening fasting being a daily ritual. The first Eid of the year, Eid-ul-Fitr falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal or Shawwl.
Eid al-Fitr, which is also known as “Breaking of the fast”, lasts for three days. A specific prayer is recited on this day. Many people attend communal prayers and listen to sermons on the first day of the month of Shawwal which is held outside or in large venues. Some communities even organize different kinds of festivities including communal meals on this day. People travel to far places to attend these prayers and festivities. Some wear new clothes and visit relatives' house, exchange gifts or send cards and messages. Festive meals are prepared to share with friends and family. The day of Eid ul-Fitr is declared as a public holiday in many countries.
On this day, mosques across the world are decorated using lights and thousands of muslims offer prayers inside these mosques. Most of the Muslim countries declare the day as a public holiday.
|Eid ul-Fitr Calendar|
The special prayer of Eid is known as Salaat.
The offering of prayer or Salaat on Eid-ul-Fitr consist two units called Rakats.
This prayer is offered in an open field or a huge hall where many people can be accommodated.
The prayer is followed by the raising of hands to the ears with repeated chants of “Allahu Akbar” or “God if greatest” for six times which is known as Takbirs.
Mawlid (Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi) celebration is observed marking the birth of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Celebration of Mawlid takes place in Rabi' al-awwal, i.e. on the third month in the Islamic calendar. In some parts of the globe, like in Egypt the term Mawlid is used in a generic manner to mark birthday celebrations of historical religious figures like Sufi saints.
Eid-ul-Adha or Eid al-Adha is one of the widely celebrated festivals of the followers of Islam in India and all over the world. It is also called Id-ul-Zuha or Bakr-Id by the people of India. That's because the festival involves the sacrifice of a goat which is termed as bakr (in Urdu). Eid al-Adha is celebrated during the 10th to the 13th days of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.
|Eid ul-Adha Calendar|