Eid-ul-Adha or Eid al-Adha is one of the widely celebrated festivals of the followers of Islam in India and all over the world. It is also called Id-ul-Zuha or Bakr-Id by the people of India. That's because the festival involves the sacrifice of a goat which is termed as bakr (in Urdu). Eid al-Adha is celebrated during the 10th to the 13th days of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. It marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.
|Eid ul-Adha Calendar|
Muslims across the world celebrate a festival named Eid. To greet each other, they use the term “ Mubarak” which means blessed or celebrations. So, Eid Mubarak is a well-wishing prayer used by Muslims to basically wish friends and family while exchanging greetings.
There are five pillars of Islam namely- faith, prayer, charity, making a pilgrimage to Mecca and Ramadan. The fifth pillar, Ramadan, is observed during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is a time for spiritual reflections in which people don't eat or drink between sunrise and sunset. The common belief behind fasting is that it brings a person closer to the almighty. With the ending of the holy month of Ramadan comes the festival of Eid al-Fitr. Celebrations begin when the moon is sighted after the sunset. There is no fixed date for Eid as the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycles.
Eid al-Fitr, which is also known as “Breaking of the fast”, lasts for three days. A specific prayer is recited on this day. Many people attend communal prayers and listen to sermons on the first day of the month of Shawwal which is held outside or in large venues. Some communities even organize different kinds of festivities including communal meals on this day. People travel to far places to attend these prayers and festivities. Some wear new clothes and visit relatives' house, exchange gifts or send cards and messages. Festive meals are prepared to share with friends and family. The day of Eid ul-Fitr is declared as a public holiday in many countries.
On this day, mosques across the world are decorated using lights and thousands of muslims offer prayers inside these mosques. Most of the Muslim countries declare the day as a public holiday.
Eid-ul-Fitr is widely known with several names like
Eid-ul-Fitr also spelled as Eid al-Fitar, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Fitr , is the most important festival of the followers of Islam. Known to be originated by Prophet Muhammed, Eid is a day of no fasting. It comes at the end of the month of Ramadan with morning till evening fasting being a daily ritual. The first Eid of the year, Eid-ul-Fitr falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal or Shawwl.
The celebration of Eid was started by Prophet Muhammed.
Some traditions believe that it was on the Prophet’s arrival at Madinah that he observed its people indulging in recreational activities. It was then that he suggested the two days of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha as the two better days of enjoying oneself.
Since then, Muslims worldwide observe this day as the one to remember God and offer prayers in his praise.
The special prayer of Eid is known as Salaat.
The offering of prayer or Salaat on Eid-ul-Fitr consist two units called Rakats.
This prayer is offered in an open field or a huge hall where many people can be accommodated.
The prayer is followed by the raising of hands to the ears with repeated chants of “Allahu Akbar” or “God if greatest” for six times which is known as Takbirs.
Muslims exchange greetings with the general wish of “Eid Mubarak” to express their joy.
Followers of Islam wake up before sunrise on the day of Eid and take bath, later to be dressed in their finest clothes.
A sweet breakfast preferably consisting dates is consumed to ensure there is no fasting on the day of the festival.
Muslims attempt to reach the place of offering of Eid salaat by going there on foot and following different routes to and from the place of prayer.
As a compulsory act of charity, Muslims are advised and do distribute food or money amongst the poor. This act of charity is an important custom and is called Zakat.
Men and women, to express their devotion to the God and the Prophet, wear clothes with the colors of green and white dominating their attire.
Women wear a lot of bangles and apply Mehndi (Henna) to their palms.
Eidi or gifts are generally given to relatives and children.
Visiting family and friends is a common activity and way of spending this holiday.
Mawlid (Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi) celebration is observed marking the birth of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Celebration of Mawlid takes place in Rabi' al-awwal, i.e. on the third month in the Islamic calendar. In some parts of the globe, like in Egypt the term Mawlid is used in a generic manner to mark birthday celebrations of historical religious figures like Sufi saints.