There are five Gurudwaras which are considered to be of religious importance in the Sikh religion.
There are five Takhts which are the five gurudwaras which have a very distinct connotation for the Sikh community. Two of the five Takhts are situated outside Punjab and are Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Patna in Bihar, and Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib at Nanded in Maharashtra. The other three Takhts are in Punjab – Akal Takht in Amritsar, Sri Keshgarh Sahib in Anandpur and Sri Damdama Sahib at Talwandi Sabo Bhatinda district.
Akal Takht- The first and the most important Takht was the one which has been established by Guru Hargobind in 1609. It is called ‘Akal Takht’ (the Throne of the Timeless God) and is located just opposite the gate of Harmandir Sahib – The Golden Temple, Amritsar. Guru Hargobind established it as he considered discussing political matter which is secular should not be presented inside the Golden temple as it is a place meant for worship. In the ‘Akal Takht,’ Guru Hargobind held his court to decide issues about military strategy and political policy. Later on, the Sikh commonwealth (Sarbat Khalsa) pronounced verdicts in this Takht on concerns of peace and war and settled disagreements between the numerous Sikh groups. During the day the Guru Granth Sahib is preserved in the Golden Temple, while at night it is kept in the Akal Takht Sahib.
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib (Talwandi Sabo) is located in the village of Talwandi Sabo near Bhatinda. Guru Gobind Singh stayed at this place for roughly a year and assembled the final edition of Guru Granth Sahib also known as the Damdama Sahib Bir in the year 1705.
Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib is situated at Anandpur Sahib. It is also the home of the Khalsa. The order of the Khalsa was established here by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. Few of the weapons of Guru Gobind Singh are displayed here.
Takht Sachkhand (‘Region of Truth’) Sri Hazur Sahib is situated in Nanded City of Maharashtra. Nanded city is one of the oldest places in Marathwada region of Maharashtra State, located on the north bank of Godavari River. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Mythology suggests during the Puranic days, Pandavas has also travelled through Nanded district. In the year 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs arrived in Nanded. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that having any religious leader for them is not needed and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. The inner room of the Takht Sahib is called ‘Angitha Sahib’ and is constructed over the place where Sri Guru Gobind Singh was cremated.
Takht Sri Patna Sahib (Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib Patna) is situated in Patna city which is also the capital of the state of Bihar. Guru Gobind Singh was born here in 1666, and he spent his early childhood here before moving to Anandpur Sahib. Takht Patna Sahib has also been visited by Sri Guru Nanak and Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur. Numerous critical historical Relics of Sri Guru Gobind Singh are preserved at Takhat Sri Patna Sahib.