Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav – Gurpurab 2018

What is Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav?
Guru Nanak Jayanti, which is also known as Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav, is one of the most pious and revered day observed by the Sikh community. Gurpurab basically means “the festival of the gurus” in both literal sense and in essence. The day of Gurpurab commemorates the birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first Sikh guru.
Gurpurab is often regarded as the Prakash Utsav as Sikhs believe that it is Guru Nanak Dev Ji who brought enlightenment to the world. The literal meaning of the quote is the “birth of light”.On this historic day, Sikhs spread the message of morality, hard work and celebrate with great fervor and enthusiasm.

Guru Nanak Jayanti
Guru Nanak Dev Ji

When is Gurpurab 2018?
Gurpurab or Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav will fall on Friday, 23rd November 2018.

Who are the 10 gurus?
There are total 10 Gurus in human form in Sikhism who preached Sikhism. They are –

•    Guru Nanak
•    Guru Angad
•    Guru Amar Das
•    Guru Ram Das
•    Guru Arjan
•    Guru Har Gobind
•    Guru Har Rai
•    Guru Har Kishan
•    Guru Tegh Bahadur
•    Guru Gobind Singh

Who celebrates Gurpurab?
Gurpurab, the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, is celebrated with merriment and joy all over the world by the Sikh community. It is one of the most important days as per the Sikh calendar.

How is it celebrated?
Gurpurab is the festival of Gurus and also the birthday of first Sikh Guru – Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Owing to the fact of enlightenment on this day, Sikhs preach the profound teachings of Guru Nanak and ask youngsters to inherit them within.
The celebrations commence early in the morning at about 4 or 5 am. The time is referred to as Amrit Vela. Morning hymns called Asaa-Ki-Var are sung at the beginning of the day. After this, a combination of Katha (exposition of the scripture) and Kirtan (hymns from the Sikh scriptures) is conducted while praising the Guru. Langars, which is a special community lunch, is also arranged at the Gurudwaras on Gurpurab. There is a common belief that everyone irrespective of caste, creed, or religion should be offered food while keeping alive the spirit of service and devotion.
Night prayers are also held which begin around sunset after Rehras (evening prayers) is recited. Kirtan is followed till late at night. The congregation starts singing Gurbani at 1:20 am which is the actual time of the birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji after which the celebrations culminate after 2 am.

What day is Sangrand this month?
Sangrand, the first day of the month as per Indian Solar calendar, will be on November 16th, 2018.

What do Sikhs believe about God?
Sikhism teaches us that there is the existence of only one God. First Guru Nanak preached that the creator and creation are inseparable in a way that an ocean is made up of its individual drops and there is Ik Onkar meaning just one God.

What do Sikh call their god?
Sikhism is a monotheistic religion so Sikhs believes in one God that prevails in everything. They believe on the Almighty which is indescribable yet knowable and is perceivable to anyone who surrenders his egoism. Sikh people call the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal living Guru in which God is described in numerous ways but it is the oneness of the deity that is consistent.

Why do Sikhs not cut their hair?
Sikhs believe that (Kesh) hair is a symbol of devotion to God. They allow their Kesh to grow naturally as a symbol of respect for the perfection of God’s creation. It is to remind that they should obey the will of God.

What is the main festival of Sikhism?
Baisakhi, the festival of harvest is the main festival of Sikhism.

What is the symbol of Sikhism?
Khanda, which is an amalgam of three symbols is the symbol of Sikhism. The three symbols in Khanda are –
•    A double-edged khanda (sword) in the center
•    A chakkar (chakram)
•    and two single-edged swords crossed at the bottom that are placed on either sides of the khanda and chakkar.

What are the 5 K’s?
The five K’s of Sikhism are –

•    Kesh (uncut hair)
•    Kangha (a wooden comb for the hair)
•    Kara (an iron bracelet)
•    Kachera (100% cotton tieable undergarment (not an elastic one)
•    and Kirpan (an iron dagger large enough to defend oneself).

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