Other Names of Pongal
In Tamil Nadu ,Pongal is a four-days-long harvest festival. Pongal,is one of the most important popular Hindu festivals of the year. This four-day festival of thanksgiving is celebrated in the south, for four days and is held in the month of Thai (January-February) during the season when rice and other cereals, sugar-cane, and turmeric are harvested.
The newly harvested rice is cooked and this preparation is known as ‘Pongal’.
The festival is celebrated by drawing Kolam or rangoli. A Kolam is a symmetrical drawing made using rice flour, chalk powder, and colours.
Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious days for the Hindus and is celebrated in almost all parts of the country.It is celebrated in southern parts of the country as Pongal, and in Punjab is celebrated as Lohri & Maghi. In Uttar Pradesh, Sankranti is called ‘Khichiri’. Taking a dip in the holy rivers on this day is regarded as most auspicious. A big one-month long ‘Magha-Mela’ fair begins at Prayag (Allahabad) on this occasion. Apart from Triveni, ritual bathing also takes place at many places like Haridvar and Garh Mukteshwar in Uttar Pradesh, and Patna in Bihar.
In Bengal every year a very big Mela is held at Ganga. In Maharashtra, on the Sankranti day, people exchange multi-colored clouds made from til (sesame seeds) and sugar and til-laddus made from til and jaggery.
In Gujarat, there is a custom of giving gifts to relatives. The Gujarati Pundits on this auspicious day grant scholarships to students for higher studies in astrology and philosophy.. In Rajasthan & Gujarati the most exciting thing about this festival is the kite flying. It has become an internationally well-known event.
The fourth and the last day of Pongal is known as Kanumu.. Kanumu: It is celebrated by drawing the Sun God using chalk and to express our gratitude towards the Sun This day of ‘Pongal’ is meant for sightseeing. On this day, people dress up for entertainment outside thier home.. The day when elders bless younger generation.In Tamil nadu this day is also ‘virgin pongal’ day. Unmarried girls play in river , make ‘pongal’ and eat there only.Servants and maids are given money and new clothes
Lohri is a popular winter Punjabi festival, celebrated primarily by Hindus and Sikhs from the Punjab regionon 13th January every year.In Punjab, people celebrate Lohri in January on what they believe is the coldest day of the year. Delicious food, folk songs, the beat of dhol and friends and family doing bhangra around the bonfire which is fed with sugarcane, rice and sesame seeds.
Bihu / Bohaggiyo Bhishu
Bohag Bihu or Rongoli Bihu is one of the most important and significant festivals that is celebrated by Assamese people
There are three such festivals in Assam: in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October. The Bohaag Bihu marks the New Year at the advent of seeding time, the Kaati Bihu marks the completion of sowing and transplanting of paddies, and the Maagh Bihu marks the end of the harvesting period. Bohaag Bihu is also called the Rongaali Bihu or the Festival of Merriment, Maagh Bihu is also called Bhogaali Bihu or the Festival of Food, Kaati Bihu is also called Kongaali Bihu or the Festival of the Poor
Bhogi is the first day of the four-day Pongal festival and Makara Sankranti. it is usually celebrated on 13 January. It is a festival celebrated widely in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The day begins with a til (sesame) oil bath and in the evening there is a bonfire in which all the rubbish in the house is burnt. Houses are cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look. The horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. people wear New clothes to mark the start of the festival .The god of rains, is worshipped
Thai Pongal is celebrated on the first day of the month Thai of the Tamil calendar.
This is a harvest festival – to offer thanksgiving to the Sun God , for a bountiful harvest. Families gather to rejoice and share their joy. Thai Pongal is one of the very old traditions of Tamil people, and has been celebrated during Medieval Chola period. On the day of Thai Pongal, people offer their produce from the farm as the tribute to the Gods. A special feast is prepared using Rice, Lentils, Ghee, and Jagery. Sugarcane, flowers, fruits are also offered alongside, to worship the Sun God. The whole Tamil population of the world celebrate it Therefore it is widely known as “Tamil Thai Pongal” or the “Festival of the Tamils”. Mattu Pongal is the day where Jallikattu is performed in some temples. People pray to their cattle and worship them.
The first day is the Poki festival during which old things are removed and discarded. The first day is celebrated as Poki festival.Since rain plays a very important part in our lives, naturally rain is revered and the first day’s celebration is appropriately called Poki festival.
The Hadaga festival in Maharashtra is to pray for a good monsoon and a good harvest. As Indra is the god of rain, people sing songs to Indra and pray for rain. Pictures of the elephant which is Indra’s vehicle are drawn everywhere to invite the God.
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