Dīvali, Dīpawali, Deepavali, is a festival of lights and is a public holiday in India. Followers of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism observe various customs related to Diwali
In 2019 it falls on a Sunday.
Diwali, the festival of lights holds a special significance in India. The festival is celebrated to commemorate the victory of good over evil. Diwali falls on the 14th day of the Hindu month of Kartik; during autumn as per the gregorian calendar. On this day Lord Rama returned to his home Ayodhya after spending 14 years in exile. People from all walks of life decorate their houses, wear beautiful traditional clothes and distribute sweets. Candles and diyas are also lit on this day to eliminate the surrounding darkness. Delicious delicacies are prepared on this day and people spend time with friends and family. Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Kuber are worshipped on this day. Skies are alit with an array of firecrackers and air is fragrant with the aroma of sweets.
There are many myths and traditions related to Diwali. Some of them are:
- It is believed that Goddess Laxmi was incarnated on this day of new moon, amavasya, during the churning of the ocean for Nectar, as per Hindu mythology.
- There is also a mention that on this day Lord Krishna killed the evil demon king Narakasura and rescued 16,000 women from his captivity.
- According to Ramayana, the epic, on this day Lord Rama returned home to Ayodhya with Sita and Lakshmana, after 14 years exile, and after vanquishing the evil demon king Ravana, and conquering Lanka.
- In the epic Mahabharata, on this day the Pandavas returned home to Hastinapur, after a 12 year exile in the forest.
Diwali gained historical importance because of the following events:
- The Hindu king Vikramaditys was coroneted on this day.
- Maharshi Dayananda, founder of Arya Samaj and a great reformer attained his nirvana on this day.
- The foundation stone of the Golden Temple in Amritsar was laid on the day of Diwali in 1577.
Diwali is celebrated with earthen diyas lit up, lighting firecrackers, and rangolis adorning the houses. It is a time for families to get together The festival is celebrated over 5 days as follows:
Day 1: Dhanteras: 25th October 2019
On the first day, the ‘Spring clean’ of the entire household takes place. People also buy gold, silver or steel utensils on this day as it is supposed to bring prosperity.
Day 2: Naraka Chaturdasi: 26th October 2019
Also known as Choti Diwali. On this day the house is decorated .In South India, the main Diwali is celebrated on this day.
Day 3: Diwali: 27th October 2019
This is the main day of the festival. The families gather and offer prayers to Goddess Laxmi. People wear new clothes, and visit each other wishing “Shubh Deepavali”. There is a feast in every house, and entire cities sparkle with lights all around.
Day 4: Govardhan Puja: 28th October 2019
A spiritual harvest festival is celebrated on this day. It is also the beginning of the Hindu Financial New Year, and friends and family gather to exchange gifts and best wishes.
Day 5: Bhai Dooj: 29th October 2019
This day is dedicated to the divine and subliminal love between a brother and a sister. Sisters apply vermillion on the forehead of brothers with a promise of eternal love, affection and protection.
In Bengal, Diwali is celebrated in the form of Kali Puja. Goddess Kali is worshipped on the new moon night.