In 2018, Diwali will begin on November 03 and will end on November 07. The main festival of Diwali will be observed on November 07, which happens to be Wednesday. In South India, it is observed a day earlier. Hence, this year Diwali in the South will be celebrated on November 07. Diwali is also known by other names such as Lakshmi Puja, Lakshmi-Ganesh Puja and Diwali Puja.
|Day 1||Dhanteras / Dhantheran / Dhantrayodashi / Dhanwantari Triodasi / Yamadeepdaan / Dhan Teyras|
|Day 2||Choti Diwali / Kali Chaudas / Narak Chaturdashi|
|Day 3||Diwali / Lakshmi Puja / Baddi Diwali|
|Day 4||Govardhan Puja / Annakoot/ Pratipat /|
|Day 5||Bhai Duj / Bhhaya Dooj / Bhai Beej / Dvitiya|
|Thu||23rd of October||2014|
|Wed||11th of November||2015|
|Sun||30th of October||2016|
|Thu||19th of October||2017|
|Wed||7th of November||2018|
|Sun||27th of October||2019|
|Sat||14th of November||2020|
|Thu||4th of November||2021|
|Mon||24th of October||2022|
Many rituals are observed during the five day long joyous and auspicious festival of Diwali.
The first day of Diwali is known as Dhanteras. This comprises two words Dhan, which means wealth and teras, which is the 13th day of a lunar fortnight on the Hindu calendar. Thus, Dhanteras is a celebration of prosperity. On the day, people purchase gold, utensils etc and also welcome Goddess Lakshmi into their homes.
This is the second day of Diwali. According to a legend, the demon Narakasura was killed on this day by Lord Krishna and Goddess Kali and 16,000 princes who were taken into captivity by the demon were freed.
The third day, this is the main day of the festival and is very significant, especially in north and western part of India. The day is marked by fireworks and the lighting of candles. In the evening, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped.
The fourth day of the festival is known as Goverdhan Puja. While in North India, the day marks the victory of Lord Krishna over Indira, the God of Thunder, in the South people worship the demon King Bali. In Gujarat Goverdhan Puja marks the beginning of the New Year.
The fifth and final day is known as Bhai Dooj. This festival is similar to Raksha Bandhan. On this day sisters apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers who in turn take a vow to protect them. It is a wonderful festival, which exhibits the bonds of love between a brother and sister.
Fireworks and diyas form an important part of the festival. As per legend, when Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya along with Sita after defeating Ravana, people celebrated by lighting diyas. From then onwards people started celebrating the day by bursting crackers and lighting diyas. Days before Diwali, people decorate their house and get it painted. On the day of Diwali, women decorate the porch of their homes with elaborate and fancy rangolis, which is prepared with colored rice or powder. Family and friends visit one another and exchange sweets and greetings. People dress up in new clothes and visit temples to offer their prayers and seek blessings. During evening people worship Goddess Lakshmi.
Apart from their homes, people also decorate their offices and organize Lakshi Puja to usher in success and prosperity. People usually worship pens, ink bottles and account books, the traditional items that are associated with businesses.
Apart from Hindus, Jains, Newar Buddhist and Sikhs also celebrate Diwali on the same day. Jains observe the festival in celebration of Mahavira attaining Moksha. The Sikhs celebrate it as Bandi Chhor Divas. On this day the Guru Hargobind was released from a Mughal prison. The Newar Buddhists worship Goddess Lakshmi on this day.
Last Updated: 1st September, 2018