Pongal Festival


Pongal is the harvest festival in South India. Pongal in Tamil means "boiling over or spill over." The act of boiling over of milk in the clay pot is considered auspicious and denotes the future prosperity for the family. Pongal is big celebration in Tamil Nadu and Tamils worldwide.

Pongal festival is associated with the harvest festival. On this day people thank the rain, sun and the farm animals that have helped in the harvest. Everyone wear new clothes and dress to the finest.


Dates for Pongal 2017


Festival Date
Bhogi January 14
Surya Pongal January 15
Mattu Pongal January 16
Kaanum Pongal or Thiruvalluvar Day January 17

First Day - Bhogi Pongal :

  • Pongal is a four day festivity. The celebration starts from the last day of the Tamil month Maargazhi to the third day of the Thai. Kolam decorations are an important part of Pongal.
  • The first day is called Bhogi.The day is celebrated by throwing away and destroying old clothes and materials. People set old clothes on fire, which marks the end of the old Thai and the emergence of the new Thai.
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Second Day - Sarkarai Pongal :

  • It is popularly known as Sarkarai Pongal or Veetu Pongal. The second day is celebrated by boiling rice with fresh milk and jaggery in new pots. The food is later topped with brown sugar, cashew nuts and rai.
  • When the rice boils over and bubbles come out of the vessel, the tradition is to blowing the sangu and shout "Ponggalo Ponggal." It is considered auspicious and brings good luck and prosperity, to watch the rice boils over.
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Third Day - Maattu Pongal :

  • The boiled over rice is offered to the Nature during sunrise. It is a kind gesture which means to convey thanks to the sun and nature.
  • On this day people offer thanks to cattle, as they help farmer in different ways for agriculture.
  • Tamilians decorate their cattle's with paint, flowers and bells. Their horns are decorated with gold and other metallic covers. In various places, Jallikattu is organized which is the taming of wild bull. It is the main event seen in various villages.
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Fourth Day - Kaanum Pongal :

  • The final day of the Pongal is called the Kaanum Pongal. The word kaanum means "to view." People socialize with their near and dear ones. People visit their relatives to enjoy the festive season and greet each other. 

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Pongal Images

 

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Public Holidays in Tamil Nadu

Event Date Day
New Year Day 1st Jan Friday
Balaji Jayanti, Nature Day 2nd Jan Saturday
Saphala Ekadashi, Epiphany 6th Jan Wednesday
Pradosham 7th Jan Thursday
Masik Shivaratri 8th Jan Friday
Amavasai 10th Jan Sunday
Sri Somavara Vratam 11th Jan Monday
Sravana Vratham 12th Jan Tuesday
Chaturthi Vratham 13th Jan Wednesday
Bogi Pandigai 14th Jan Thursday
Shashti Vratham, Pongal 15th Jan Friday
Mattu Pongal 16th Jan Saturdsy
Kaanum Pongal 17th Jan Sunday
Karthikai Vratham 19th Jan Tuesday
Putrada Ekadashi 20th Jan Wednesday
Pournami Viratam 23rd Jan Saturdsy
Thaipusam, Pournami 24th Jan Saturday
Republic Day 26th Jan Tuesday
Sankatahara Chaturthi 27th Jan Wednesday
Gandhi Samaadhi 30th Jan Saturday