Mexico Independence Day


Viva Mexico! Viva La Independencia! Long live Hidalgo! La Patria Es Primero!

September 16 marks a special occasion in Mexican history. On that day in 1810, the war that led to the independence of Mexico began. A Roman Catholic priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in a small town of Dolores gathered a congregation and uttered the battle cry "Cry of Dolores" or "Grito de Dolores". The battle cry raised the morale of Mexicans to seek freedom from the Spanish rule. The event commenced the Mexican War of Independence as the uprising began. Since October 1825, the anniversary of this event commemorates Mexican Independence Day.

The the first engagement of the insurgency, Siege of Guanajuato, occurred four days later. The nation was effectively declared free from the Spain rule after a decade of revolution on September 28, 1821. Nowadays, the patriotic and cultural celebration begin the night before September 16 and carry on to the next day.

Every year, on September 15, the Zócalo (main square) in Mexico City is adorned with flags, flowers, and lights of Mexican flag colors (green, white, and red). People buy confetti, whistles, papier-mâché helmets, and flag-colored toys. Street vendors sell authentic Mexican foods.

Around 11 pm the celebrations pause briefly as the Mexican president rings the historical bell that Father Hidalgo rang in 1810 before addressing the nation. The next day is full fiesta time as parades, fireworks, bullfights, and rodeos take place with all sorts of revelry.

Here are some traditions and celebrations on the Independence Day.

  • On the night before the Independence Day, the President of Mexico rings the bell of the National Palace in the national capital, Mexico City.
  • After the bell ringing, the President delivers the modern version of "Grito de Dolores". He ends with the threefold shout of Viva México! from the place balcony to the assembled crowd in the Plaza de la Constitución.
  • He then hoists the National Flag of Mexico to the applause of the crowd. It is followed by the mass singing of the national anthem, Himno Nacional Mexicano, with the military band.
  • On the morning of Independence Day, the military parade takes place. The national parade starts at the Zócalo and ends on the Paseo de la Reforma. It passes the Hidalgo Memorial, the El Ángel memorial column, and other landmarks along the way.
  • Similar celebrations are observed in cities and towns throughout Mexico as well as in embassies and consulates of Mexico around the world on these two days.
  • The celebration – with great national pride – is marked by parades, patriotism-themed programs, marching band competitions, and special programs on the Mexican media outlets, and even fairs and musical concerts.
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Mexico Independence Day History

  • The history of Mexico Independence Day tells about how Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a priest, revolted and initiated the war of Independence of Mexico.
  • The 16th September history also depicts some important portions of the rich history, sacrifices of the brave soldiers of Mexico and ultimately how the country reached its independence after a long struggle.
  • In the 1500 century, Spanish conquistadors claimed their rule over Mexico, they ousted the local rulers of the country and imprisoned many of the country’s citizens and looted their treasures.
  • It was more than 300 years that Mexico was a part or more specifically was under the Spain’s empire.
  • On 16th of September, 1810 Father Hidalgo rang the liberty church bell to call the people. They all gathered in one place and Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla motivated them to revolt against the colonial rule.
  • Father Hidalgo along with his untrained followers actually initiated the revolution, but unfortunately his initiative was unsuccessful and he was executed.
  • But the execution of Father Hidalgo didn’t stop the war of Independence of Mexico.
  • After his execution, another priest named Father Jose Maria Morelos forwarded the revolution of Mexican independence.
  • The revolutionary decision of catholic priest of Father Hidalgo changed the entire chapter of history of Mexico. After a long and bloody struggle of several long years, Mexico attained its historical moment of independence in the year 1821. 
  • The remarkable day of September 16th is celebrated by remembering the soldiers of the country who contributed their lives for the independence of the country.
  • The statue of Father Hidalgo is decorated with flowers and his struggle is remembered by the citizens of the country.
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Celebrations of Mexico Independence Day

  • The Independence Day of Mexico is the biggest national holiday of the nation.
  • This historical day with a revolutionary importance holds great importance to the people.
  • On the eve of Mexico Independence Day that is on 15th of September, the entire nation is decorated with vibrant colors mainly with the colors of the Mexican Flag.
  • The Mexico Independence Day Celebrations are very similar to the celebrations of America’s Independence Day, which is on 4th of July.
  • On 15th of September, President of Mexico addresses the whole nation by saying “Mexicans! que Viva Mexico”, which means “Mexicans! Long Live Mexico!” It is then echoed by the entire nation.
  • After that the National Anthem is sung. The President rings the same liberty bell that was used by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla for calling the people and to motivate them to revolt against the colonial Spanish rule.
  • The statue of Father Hidalgo is decorated with lots of flowers. This day is also utilized by the President to salute the brave soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the nation
  • The celebrations of 16th of September begin with a grand civic ceremony. People actively participate in all the events that are organized for Independence Day.
  • The military parade gives a start to the Independence Day celebrations. The parade is followed by grand feast and other food festivals.
  • Foods are regarded as an important part of the celebrations of 16th September as it is believed that foods are representative of Independence.
  • Innumerable activities are organized especially for the kids. Firework displays decorate the sky making it more beautiful and offering magnificent views.
  • People enthusiastically wave flags in every corner of the nation and spray foams that add more charm to the mood and spirit of the Independence Day celebrations.
  • It is said that the biggest 16th of September celebration takes place in the Mexico City. Streets, buildings and each and every corner of the city are decorated with flowers and colors.
  • The main plaza of Mexico City that is Zocalo offers some spectacular views of the celebrations. In fact, one of the biggest fiestas is organized at Mexico City and people from all across the country and of all ages come to be a part of this grand event.
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Mexico Independence Day Food Recipes  

Spiced Roasted Lamb or 'Birria de Borrego'

Ingredients:

  • Lamb,
  • chilies,
  • dried chilies,
  • black pepper,
  • water, minced garlic,
  • ground oregano,
  • bay leaves,
  • ground cinnamon,
  • wine or vinegar,
  • tortillas and vegetable oil.

Procedure:

  • Firstly in an oven cook the lamb with some water.
  • After that, add cinnamon, minced garlic, oregano, vinegar and bay leaves to it.
  • Boil it and then leave it in simmer for around 2 hours.
  • Then mix chilies to the lamb and cook it until it becomes tender.
  • Serve it with hot tortillas and a delicious Independence Day special food is ready!

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Mexican Special Cheese Fondue or 'Queso Fundido'

Ingredients:

  • White cheese,
  • minced garlic,
  • cloves, lime juice,
  • pepper sauce (hot) and special Mexican hot sauce.

Procedure:

  • It is one of the easiest Mexican dishes and it takes around 20 minutes to prepare this dish.
  • Firstly cut the white cheese into small chunks.
  • Then take a pan and slowly melt the cheese in a medium heat.
  • Continue stirring by using a wooden spoon.
  • The moment it is completely melted, add all the other ingredients like the lime juice, garlic, pepper hot sauce and Mexican hot sauce to it.
  • Cook it for some more minutes and your delicious Cheese Fondue is ready to be served.

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The traditional Chiles En Nogada recipe:

Ingredients:

  • 6 large green chilies, for stuffing
  • 1 pomegranate, seeds separated
  • 1/2 lb ground pork or beef
  • 3/4 cup sour cream
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped walnuts
  • 1/2 teaspoon sugar
  • 1/4 cup evaporated milk
  • 3 garlic cloves
  • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
  • 1 apple, peeled, cored and seeded, and chopped
  • 1/4 of an onion, peeled and diced
  • 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon
  • A pinch of nutmeg
  • 3 eggs
  • 1/4 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 bunch fresh parsley, coarsely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons raisins, softened in warm water
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted almonds, chopped
  • Salt
  • Pepper

Procedure:

  • Roast the chilies and get rid of their skins and seeds.
  • Heat vegetable oil in a saucepan. Apply medium heat only.
  • Add the beef or pork into the saucepan and continue heating till it turns brown.
  • Add onions, nutmeg, and almonds into the saucepan.
  • Put garlic and cinnamon into the pan.
  • Also, add the apple pieces, salt, pepper, and cumin.
  • Cook the above mixture for 5 minutes.
  • Beat the egg whites to form stiff peaks with the help of a whisk.
  • Fold the egg yolks and add a pinch of salt.
  • Dip the chilies into the above mixture of eggs.
  • Fry the above mixture till it turns golden brown.
  • Stuff the chilies with equal amounts of the mixture.
  • Mix the sour cream, sugar, and walnuts.
  • Add the mixture into the evaporated milk.
  • Pour the above mixture over cooked chilies.
  • Sprinkle pomegranate seeds over the mixture before you serve the recipe.

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Creamy Chicken Enchiladas:

Ingredients:

  • 1 can cream of chicken soup
  • 2 cups chicken, cooked and cubed
  • 1 cup sour cream
  • 10 flour tortillas
  • 10 ounce diced tomatoes with mild green chilies (undrained)
  • 2 cups shredded cheese

    Procedure:
  • Mix green chilies and chicken soup.
  • Add 1 and 1/2 cups shredded cheese and sour cream to the above mixture.
  • Put 1/3rd part of the above mixture in a bowl.
  • Add chicken to the remaining mixture.
  • Fill each tortilla shell with a spoonful of chicken and soup mixture.
  • Apply grease on a saucepan and put the stuffed tortillas in it, one by one.
  • Top with the 1/3rd soup mixture.
  • Sprinkle the remaining cheese over the tortillas.
  • Bake at 350° for half an hour or more, until the ingredients are completely heated.

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Tres Leches (Milk Cake):

Ingredients:

  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 2 cups white sugar
  • 1 and 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 and 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter
  • 5 eggs
  • 2 cups whole milk
  • 12 fluid ounce evaporated milk
  • 14 ounce sweetened condensed milk
  • 1 and 1/2 cups heavy whipping cream

Procedure:

  • Heat the oven until 350° and apply grease and flour on a baking pan (9x13 inch).
  • Sift baking powder and flour and keep them away.
  • Combine butter with 1 cup white sugar until you get a fluffy mixture.
  • Add eggs into the above mixture.
  • Put 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract into the mixture and mix well.
  • Add 2 tablespoons of the flour mixture to the butter mixture at a time and blend the two.
  • Pour the batter (flour and butter mixture) into the baking pan.
  • Bake at 350° F for half an hour.
  • Pierce the cake with a fork frequently to see whether it is baked properly.
  • Let the cake cool after it is baked.
  • Mix the whole milk, evaporated milk, and condensed milk together.
  • Pour the combined milk on top of the cake.
  • Combine the remaining 1 cup sugar, vanilla extract, and whipping cream until the mixture turns thick.
  • Top the cake with the mixture.
  • Refrigerate the cake for some time and enjoy having it with your dear ones!

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Steak Burrito

Ingredients:

  • 2 beef flank steaks (1 pound each)
  • 1 medium sized onion, chopped
  • 4 ounces chopped green chilies
  • 2 envelopes taco seasoning
  • 10 flour tortillas (8 inches), warmed
  • 1 tablespoon white vinegar
  • 3/4 cup sour cream
  • 1 and 1/2 cups chopped seeded plum tomatoes
  • 1 and 1/2 cups (6 ounces) shredded Monterey Jack cheese

Procedure:

  • Divide the steaks into halves and apply taco seasoning.
  • Place the steaks in a slow cooker before coating the latter with cooking spray.
  • Top the steaks with onion and chilies.
  • Add vinegar as well.
  • Cover the steaks and cook over low heat until the meat becomes soft.
  • Remove the steaks and let them cool.
  • Use forks to shred meat.
  • Heat it in a slow cooker.
  • With a spoon, put down 1/2 cup of the meat mixture into the center of the tortillas, one by one.
  • Top them with cheese and sour cream.
  • Also, use tomato to top the food item prepared.
  • Fold the ends and sides of the tortillas once they are stuffed and topped.

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Dallas' Mexican Cornbread

Ingredients (4 to 6 servings):

  • 1 and 1/2 cups self-rising cornmeal
  • 8 ounce sour cream
  • 1 medium-sized onion, chopped
  • 1 jalapeno pepper, chopped
  • 1 egg
  • 8 and 1/2 ounce creamed corn
  • 1/2 cup canola oil

Procedure:

  • Preheat the oven until the temperature rises to 425° F.
  • Combine all the ingredients in a large saucepan.
  • Apply grease on an iron skillet.
  • Pour the ingredients into the skillet.
  • Cook the items for 15 minutes.
  • Your Dallas' Mexican Cornbread recipe is ready!

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California (Mexican) Tortilla Casserole.

Ingredients (6 servings):

  • 2 lbs ground beef
  • 2 cloves minced garlic
  • 3 cups tomato sauce
  • 1 large onion (chopped)
  • 3/4 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 4 ounce diced green chilies
  • 1/2 teaspoon sugar
  • 8 ounces sliced Monterey Jack cheese
  • 2 cups small curd cottage cheese
  • 1/2 cup sliced black olives (can also be used to garnish the recipe)
  • 1 egg
  • 12 corn tortillas, quartered
  • 2 tablespoons chili powder
  • 1 cup grated cheddar cheese
  • Chopped green onion (optional)
  • Extra sliced black olives (optional)
  • Sour cream (optional)

Procedure:

  • Preheat an oven till the temperature rises to 350°.
  • Apply grease on a casserole dish set aside.
  • Saute beef with onion and garlic in a skillet, and apply medium heat.
  • Drain the mixture.
  • Sprinkle chili powder over the beef and mix properly.
  • Add tomato sauce, olives, and green chilies.
  • Also, add sugar and salt to the above mixture.
  • Apply very low heat and let the mixture simmer for 15 minutes.
  • Blend the egg with cottage cheese.
  • Place 1/3 part of beef on the casserole dish and layer it with half part of Monterey Jack cheese and half of egg and cottage cheese mixture.
  • Use half the tortillas to create the next layer on beef.
  • Place 1/3 part of beef on top of the tortillas.
  • Continue to create layers by using the remaining tortillas, Monterey Jack cheese, and beef.
  • Top the layers by sprinkling cheddar cheese.
  • Bake at 350° until you have heated the layers completely.
  • Check if the cheese has melted, and then serve the recipe with sour cream, green onions, and black olives.
  • These recipes reflect the flavor used by Mexicans in their food and cuisine.
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Mexican Independence Day Quotes

One flag, one land, one heart, one hand. Happy Independence Day!
-Unknown quotes
Taking it as a whole, Mexico is a grand city, and, as Cortes truly said, its situation is marvelous. — Edward Burnett Tyler
Never forget the hero's Who scarified their life's to bring up this glorious day to Mexico.
Happy Independence Day! And God bless each and every one of our troops...may you ALL find your way home safe and sound!s
Unknown quote
Happy Independence Day! To those who have freedom to be and express who you are, do it boldly and passionately & never take it for granted!
~Author Unknown
Thankful for all our soldiers and branches of military as we celebrate our Independence Day. Many of them won't be home to do the same.
Unknown quotes

On our beloved nation's Independence Day, I remember and salute the souls that went down for the national pride.
Unknown quotes
With a true national spirit of courage, integrity, sacrifice, liberty and independence, I wish you a Happy Independence Day.
Unknown quotes
My sole ambition is to rid Mexico of the class that has oppressed her and given the people a chance to know what real liberty means. And if I could bring that about today by giving up my life, I would do it gladly.
Pancho Villa
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Mexican Holidays 2017  

DateDayHoliday
1 JanSunNew Year's Day
5 FebSunConstitution Day
6 FebMonConstitution Day Holiday
20 MarMonBenito Juarez Day
13 AprThuHoly Thursday
14 AprFriGood Friday
1 MayMonLabor Day
5 MayFriAnniversary of the Battle of Puebla
16 SepSatIndependence Day
12 OctThuColumbus Day
2 NovThuAll Souls' Day
20 NovMonRevolution Day
12 DecTueLady of Guadalupe Day *
25 DecMonChristmas Day

Festivities and celebrations reach a new level with Mexican fiestas. Everything from street theaters and music, fireworks and parades, glamorous costumes, authentic food and genuine joy galore on religious observances, festivals and public holidays which are quintessential Mexican. All Mexicans and visitors plunge into the spirit of week-long fiestas to celebrate a ceremony called life.



Diez y Seis de Septiembre

The nation celebrates Independence Day on September 16. On that day in 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla encouraged Mexicans to rebel against the Spanish rule. Today, in towns and cities all over Mexico, citizens gather at midnight on September 15 in the main square of Mexico City to hear the President or the mayor recite Father Hidalgo's 'Cry of Dolores'. At sunrise on the following day, military and civic parades start patriotic celebrations that include fireworks, food, and music.

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Cinco de Mayo

Often confused as Mexican Independence Day, the day actually commemorates the unlikely victory of Mexican Army over the French in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. Even in the southern United States, where Mexican-American culture is ubiquitous, it is observed with great enthusiasm. Though mostly ceremonial, it is one of the most famous national holidays in Mexico. Street parades with dancing and mariachi demonstrations are held in major cities of North America.

Cinco de Mayo
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Day of the Dead

Dia de los Muertos is celebrated throughout Mexico, with each region having its own distinct cultural mark on the day. On All Saints Day, on the first day of November, kids who have died are honored as little angels. The next day, All Souls Day, has been set aside for remembering older departed loved ones. Family altars or displays are set up and decorated with person's photographs, mementos, offerings of food and other symbolic gifts. In some regions, families hold feasts and vigils at the cemetery, while in some regions, candy skeletons or sweet breads are consumed.

Day of the Dead
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The Christmas Season

Feliz Navidad! The Christmas season in Mexico commences from December 16 with Las Posadas. During this event, Mexican families partake in Christmas processions to recreate the Holy Pilgrimage of Mary to Bethlehem. Children go from door to door in the neighborhood seeking shelter and residents respond by singing and allowing the kids to enter. Usually, Mexican children receive their Christmas presents on Dia de los Santos Reyes on January 6, but after the influence of Western culture, kids have to wait only two days to open gifts.

The Christmas Season
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Lent and Easter

Mexico celebrates Carnaval, which is called Mardi Gras in the United States, with raucous parades and public display of conviviality. In Veracruz state and Mazatlan city, two of the largest pre-Lenten celebrations are held. Mexicans also observe Semana Santa and Holy Week with religious parades on Good Friday as well as Easter Sunday. The season marks the beginning of tourist season as families go on vacations.

Lent and Easter
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Dia de la Raza

Although these words literally translate as "day of the race", the October 12 is a national holiday which marks the arrival of explorer Christopher Columbus in North America. The celebrations reflect upon the Old and New World roots of Mexico. Every year, this occasion brings a new round of introspection and public debate among scholars and politicians. The day is also famous for large public gatherings and parades.

Dia de la Raza
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Dia de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe

Our Lady of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico, is a brown-skinned Virgin Mary who converted Juan Diego to Catholicism near present-day Mexico City in 1531. People believed this story only after the third appearance of the Virgin Mary was imprinted on Juan's cloak. Each year, on December 12, Mexicans honor their patron saint with religious celebrations.

Dia de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe
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Last Updated: 17th July, 2017