Happy Janmashtami

Janmashtami is a popular festival of the Hindus that revolves around the celebration of the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna. This festival usually falls in the month of August or September. In 2018, it is going to be celebrated on Sunday , 2 September.

About Lord Krishna and Janmashtami History

Krishna is considered to be one of the most powerful incarnations of Lord Vishnu, who was born into this world to help people get rid of evil demons. Janmashtami’s history dates back to several thousands of years when Lord Krishna was born to Devaki and Vasudevaa, who were imprisoned by his maternal uncle Kansa, the king of Mathura.

Lord Krishna's Childhood Days

  • There are various stories of Lord Krishna, which speak about his feats during his childhood. According to one such story, Krishna had killed lady demon, Putna and various other demons like Trunavarta, Aristhasur, and Keshi. He’s also famous for killing Kaliya Nag in order to remove poison from the river Yamuna.
  • As a child, Krishna was mischievous and adept at stealing curd and butter and playing pranks with the girls of the village. He mesmerized the village girls and ladies with the music of his flute and his cosmic dances. He spent 3 years and 4 months of his childhood in Gokul after which he went to Vrindavan and stayed there until he was 6 years and 8 months old.
  • One of the most exciting stories about Krishna’s childhood is that he lifted the Govardhana hill with his finger so as to protect the villagers of Vrindavan from the rain caused by Lord Indra. Krishna then stayed in Nandagram for 10 years after which he returned to Mathura. Next, he killed Kamsa and freed his parents from the prison. He made Ugrasena the king of Mathura and completed his education during his stay there.
Lord Krishna's Childhood Days

About Lord Krishna's Teachings

  • Lord Krishna emphasized on the fact that one should get rid of emotional attachments, as they are considered as illusions or Maya. He believed that every living or non-living object born on Earth must be free from worldly things and they should submit to God. Lord Krishna gave emphasis on the benefit of meditation, as he felt that it was a way of looking into our inner selves. He also asked everyone to get rid of materialistic things in the world.
  • Lord Krishna stressed on the spread of love and peace. He wanted people to move along the path of righteousness (or Dharma) and good deeds in order to attain salvation. Lord Krishna also emphasized on the concept of Satsanga; thus, he advised people to remain in the company of sadhus.
  • Due to the profound impact he had on the Hindus, Lord Krishna is widely worshipped by one and all. His birthday is celebrated as the Janmashtami, which usually falls on the 8th day of the Krishna Paksha during the month of Bhadrapada in the Hindu calendar.
About Lord Krishna's Teachings

About Janmashtami Rituals

Below, you will find information about the rituals performed on Janmashtami:

Fast & Pooja or Pooja Ideas

On the auspicious occasion of Janmashtami, the devotees of Lord Krishna observe fast and offer prayers in their own unique ways. There are devotees who observe fast even without pouring a single drop of water. Two types of fast observed on Janmashtami include Nirjal Fast and Phalahar Fast. While the former one doesn’t allow the devotees to consume water and any form of food, the latter one is lenient, allowing devotees to consume milk and fruits. Coming to the pooja part, it is believed that devotees who perform the Janmashtami pooja at sharp 12:00 am receive Lord Krishna’s blessings.

Puja Samagri for Janmashtami

  • Milk
  • Sweets
  • Juices
  • Ganga Jal
  • Saffron
  • Rose water
  • Camphor
  • Coconuts
  • Flowers for performing the pooja
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Fast & Pooja or Pooja Ideas

Chanting Mantras

A special highlight of Janmashtami is the ritual that includes chanting of mantras and shlokas describing the qualities and feats of Lord Krishna. An important ritual held during Janmashtami includes the chanting of 108 names of the Lord.


कृष्णाय वासुदेवाय हरये परमात्मने। प्रणत क्लेशनाशाय गोविन्दाय नमो नम:॥


Om hrim shrim shriye fat


Om Vasudevay Namah


Janmashtami Aarti

Jai shri Krishna hare, prabhu jai jai Girdhari, Danav-dal balihari, Go dwij hitkari.
Jai Govind dayanidhi, Govardhan dhari, Vanshidhar banvari, braj jan priyakari.
Ganika godh ajamil, gajpati bhayhari, Arat-arti hari, jai mangalkari.
Gopalak gopeshwar, draupadi dukhdari, Shabar suta sukhkari, Gautam tiya tari.
Jan prahlad pramodak, narhari tanu dhari, jan man ranjankari, diti sut sanhari.
Tidwish-sut sanrakshak, rakshak manjhari, Pandu suvan shubhkari, kaurav madhari.
Manmath-manmath mohan, murli rav kari, Vrindavipin bihari, yamuna tat chari.
Agh bak baki udharak, trinavarta tari, bidhi surpati madhari, kansa muktikari.
Shesh mahesh saraswati, gun gavat hari, Kal kirti vistari, bhakt bheeti hari.
Narayan sharnagat, ati agh aghhari, Pad-raj pawankari, chahat hitkari.


Krishna Bhajans

Bhajo Radhe Govinda
Gopala Tera pyara naam hai
Gopala Tera pyara naam
Nandalala Tera pyara naam

Mor mukat maathe tilak
Gale vaijanthimala Gale
Koi kahe Vasudev ka
Koi kahe Nandalala Koi kahe
Bhajo Radhe Govinda.

Gaj aur Grehe lade jal
Jal mein chakra chalaya Jal mein chakra chalaya
Jab jab bhid padi bhagaton par
Nanggi pairin dhaya Nanggi pairin dhaya
Bhajo Radhe Govinda.

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Chanting Mantras

Dahi Handi Ceremony

This is one of the most popular Janmashtami rituals. The Dahi Handi ritual is performed as an act of remembrance of Lord Krishna's love for milk and butter products. In his childhood, the Lord used to get into the houses of his neighbors to look for butter and other milk products. 

In the Dahi Handi ceremony, the devotees of Lord Krishna fill an earthenware pot with fruits and milk products including butter. Then they suspend the pot from around 20 to 40 feet. The devotees form a human pyramid such that the person on the topmost position breaks the pot and claims the items in it. In most cases, the prize money is tied to the rope from which the pot is hung. The devotees forming the pyramid are usually allowed to divide this money among them.


Below are a few other important details pertaining to the festival of Janmashtami:

Janmashtami Recipes/Dishes for Cooking

During fasting on the festival of Janmashtami, only certain kinds of flours and grains can be used. Some of them include singhare ka atta(water chestnut flour), kuttu ka atta(buckwheat flour), arrowroot flour, rajgira ka atta(amaranth flour) and rajira(amaranth). Snacks which are being loved by devotees include sabudana pakora, sabudana vada, banana chips, fruit chaat, potato finger chips, palak pakora, kaddu pakora and many more. Additionally, some exciting main course recipes for people on fast include vrat wale aloo, dahi aloo, jeera aloo, peanut amti etc. Last but definitely not the least, the desserts loved by people on fast this day, include

  • Sabudana ladoo,
  • Papaya halwa,
  • Sweet lassi,
  • Lauki ka halwa,
  • Dry fruits ladoo,
  • Vrat ka halwa
  • Apple halwa.


This is one of the most popular Janmashtami fast dishes that you may offer to the deity. The total time required to prepare this dish is around 15 minutes. The ingredients and instructions for this recipe are given below.

  • 1 kg of curd
  • Around 1 cup of powdered sugar
  • 1 tablespoon of warm milk
  • 2 teaspoon of cardamom powder
  • Saffron strands
  • Small and thin pieces of pistachios and almonds

  • Put saffron strands into the milk.
  • Pour the saffron and milk mixture, cardamom, sugar, and curd in a bowl.
  • Stir the ingredients using a blender.
  • Garnish the sweet dish with pistachios and almonds.



Dal Vada Recipe

  • 1/4 cup toovar dal
  • 1/4 cup urad dal
  • 1/2 cup channa dal
  • 1 tablespoon grated coconut
  • 3-4 green chilies
  • 2 red chili
  • 1 pinch hing
  • 1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 3 tablespoon chopped coriander leaves
  • Salt as per taste
  • Oil for deep frying

  • Wash and soak all dals for three hours.
  • Grind them into fine paste with green chilies, red chilies and curry leaves
  • Add grated coconut, turmeric powder, coriander leaves, hing and salt
  • Make small vadas of the mixture and flatten it slightly with hands
  • Deep fry the vadas until golden brown
  • Dal vada are ready to be served hot
  • Janmashtami is a festival celebrated with lot of enthusiasm and joy. Appease your favorite lord with delightful Janmashtami dishes. They are easy to prepare and extremely mouth watering.

Dal Vada Recipe
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Janmashtami brings joyous moments for the devotees of Lord Krishna. They have a great time offering prayers to the Lord, and indulge in festive celebrations on this special occasion.

Last Updated: 10th June, 2017