History of International Children's Day


Someone had rightly said, "Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow." The same idea compels us to think that it is our responsibility to protect children and ensure that they lead a strong and confident life. Thanks to the existence of advocacy groups and global NGOs, the young ones in vulnerable nations are able to live a quality life. The International Children's Day is dedicated to children worldwide.

As an attempt to honor children globally, the World Conference for the Well-being of Children in Geneva, Switzerland proclaimed June 1 to be International Children's Day in 1925. Following the footsteps of the Conference, many countries across the world decided to dedicate a day to children so as to draw people's attention to them. Since then, Children's Day has been celebrated on June 1 each year. Having originated in Turkey on April 23, 1920, International Children's Day has its public awareness in the central Asian continent and the western world.

In the Czech Republic, International Children's Day was celebrated as early as in the period of the First Republic of Czechoslovakia. It was the editorial staff of Květy České (a magazine) which dedicated all the issues in a year to children on the occasion of the International Children's Day. The International Children's Day celebrations were organized in the form of shows and performances which were usually held at schools. The form and extent of these events were solely based on the approach chosen by specific teachers.


When was International Children's Day Officially Adopted?

It was in 1950 that June 1 was officially adopted as the International Children's Day. Three key initiatives highlighted during the International Children's Day celebrations included the right of children to health care, peace, and harmonious development.

It is interesting to know that the 20th century was also called the 'Century of the Child' simply because several important legal documents on child well-being were adopted in this century. The 20th century also witnessed several world child summits that were hosted for identifying current world problems which played a vital role in destroying childhood in different regions.


Important Dates

In addition to the International Children's Day, the Convention of the Rights of the Child was signed on September 30, 1990 in New York. It was ratified by the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Federal Republic on January 7, 1991 and defined child as every human being below the age of 18 years.

This definition of age proved immensely helpful in handling issues related to rights of child to protection. According to UNICEF, millions of children across the world are vulnerable to different forms of violence like organized violence, domestic violence, child labor, and sexual abuse.

The International Children's Day reminds us that the biggest tragedy in the world is the persistent lack of drinking water, food, health care and education for children. Fortunately, the Czech Committee for UNICEF is implementing multiple projects for eliminating these problems and improving the situation of children residing in different parts of the world.