The Sikh Gurus

The Sikh Gurus

1. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, first of the 10 gurus, founded the Sikh faith, introducing the concept of one God.
Son of: Sri Kalyan Das ji (Mehta Kalu ji), and Mata Tripta ji.
Brother of: Bibi Nanaki ji

Married to:Mata Sulakhani ji.
Father to: sons, Sri Chand Ji and Lakhmi Das Ji.

  • Birth: Talwandi (now known as Nankana Sahib in Pakistan) on October 20, 1469
  • Guruship: 1469 to 1539
  • Joti Jot :On Monday 22 September, 1539 at Kartarpur

2. Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji

Guru Angad Dev ji, second of the 10 gurus, compiled the writings of Nanak Dev Ji, and introduced the Gurmukhi script.

Son of: Sri Pheru Mall ji and Mata Daya Kaur (Sabhrai) ji.
Married to: Mata Khivi ji.
Father to: sons, Dasu Ji, Datu Ji, and daughters, Amro Ji and Anokhi Ji.

  • Birth: March 31 1504, Harike, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Guruship: September 18 1539 From age 35 for 13 years: 1539 to 1552
  • Joti Jot : April 16 1552

3. Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji

Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji, third of the 10 gurus, disavowed caste with the institution of langar, pangat and sangat.

Son of: Sri Tej Bhan ji and Mata Lakhmi ji.
Married to: Mata Mansa Devi Jee.
Father to: sons, Mohan ji, Mohri ji, and daughters, Dani ji and Bhani ji.

  • Birth: Sunday 23 May 1479 at Basarkay, Amritsar
  • Guruship: 16 April 1552 at age of 73
  • Joti Jot : Thursday 16 September 1574

4. Guru Ram Das Sahib Ji

Guru Ram Das Sahib Ji, fourth of the 10 gurus, began the excavation of the sarovar in Amritsar.

Son of: Sri Hari Das ji Sodhi and Mata Daya Kaur ji.
Married to:Mata Bibi Bhani ji.
Father to: sons, Prithi Chand ji, Maha Dev ji and Arjun Dev ji.

  • Birth: October 9 1534, Chuna Mandi, Lahore, Punjab
  • Guruship:16 September 1574, When his age was 40 years
  • Joti Jot : 16 September 1581

5. Guru Arjan Dev Ji

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, fifth of the 10 gurus, erected the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, compiled and contributed to Adi Granth, 1604.

Son of: Sri Guru Raam das ji and Ji Mata Bhani ji.
Married to:Mata Raam Devi (issueless), Mata Ganga ji.
Father to: one son, Har Govind Ji.

  • Birth: May 2 1563, Goindval
  • Guruship:16 September 1581
  • Joti Jot : June 16 1606

6. Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji

Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji, sixth of the 10 gurus, constructed the Akal Takhat. He raised an army and wore two swords symbolizing secular and spiritual authority. The Mughal emperor Jahangir imprisoned the guru who negotiated release for whomever could hold on to his robe.

Son of: Sri Guru Arjun ji and Mata Ganga ji.
Married to: Damodri ji, Nankee ji and Maha Devi ji.
Father to: Sons, Gur Ditta ji, Ani Rai ji, Suraj Mal ji, Atal Rai ji, Teg Mall ji(Teg Bahadur), and daughter, Bibi Veero ji.

  • Birth: 9 June 1595, Guru ki Vadali in Dist. Amritsar
  • Guruship:11 June 1606
  • Joti Jot : 19 March 1644

7. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji

Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, seventh of the 10 gurus, propagated the Sikh faith, maintained a cavalry of 20,000 as his personal guard, and established both a hospital and zoo.

Son of: Sri Baba Gurditta ji and Mata Nihal Kaur ji.
Married to: Sulakhni ji (Kishan Kaur) and Daughters of Daya Ram ji.
Father to: sons, Ram Rai ji and Har Krishan ji, and daughter Sarup Kaur ji.

  • Birth: 31 January 1630
  • Guruship:19 March 1644
  • Joti Jot : 20 October 1661

8. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji

Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji, eighth of the 10 gurus, became guru at the age of five, and is known for his wisdom and compassion.

Son of: Sri Guru Har Rai ji and Mata Kishan ji(aka Krishan or Sulakhni) Kaur.

  • Birth: 23 July 1656
  • Guruship:20 October 1661
  • Joti Jot : 16 April 1664

9. Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji

Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, ninth of the 10 gurus, reluctant to leave meditation and come forward as guru, ultimately sacrificed his life to protect Hindu Pandits from forced conversion to Islam.

Son of: Sri Guru Har Govind ji and Mata Nankee ji.
Married to: Mata Gujri ji.
Father to: one son, Gobind Singh ji.

  • Birth: April 18, 1621
  • Guruship:16 April 1664
  • Joti Jot : November 24, 1675 at Chandani Chownk New Delhi

10. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji

Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji , tenth of the 10 gurus, created the order of Khalsa. Sacrificed father, mother, sons and his own life to protect Sikhs from forced conversion to Islam. Completed the Granth bestowing upon it title of everlasting Guru.

Son of: Sri Teg Bahadar ji and Mata Gujri ji.
Married to: Jito ji (Ajit Kaur), Sundri ji, and Mata Sahib Kaur ji.
Father to: sons, Ajit Singh ji, Jujhar Singh ji, Zorawar Singh ji and Fateh Singh ji.

  • Birth: January 5, 1667 in Patna, Bihar, India
  • Guruship:1675 to 1708
  • Joti Jot : 21 October, 1708 at Nanded

11. Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji , Sikhism's holy scripture is last and everlasting Guru of the Sikhs. Poetic compositions compiled by Guru Arjun Dev known as Adi Granth or first draft. Holy manuscript confiscated by Dhir Mal. Bir, Final draft of Granth dictated from memory By Guru Gobind Singh ji.
  • First Installation: Harmandir Sahib ji, Amritsar, India, September 1, 1604. Adi Granth installed by Fifth Guru Ajrun Dev Ji.
  • Inauguration as Guru: Nanded, India, October 7, 1708. Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, appointed by Tenth Guru Gobind Singh ji as eternal Guru of the Sikhs.

Last Updated: 9th October , 2017