Mahatma Gandhi was a great visionary. His ideals have always been a source of inspiration for all of us. He was born on 2nd Oct, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. With the course of time he turned to be an extremely respected spiritual as well as political leader. His non-violent ways helped Indians to gain independence and break the chains of British slavery. No wonder, he is honored as the Father of the nation. Mahatma Gandhi’s biography gives us a chance to look into the life of this great leader and human being.
Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturbai Makanji at the age of 13. After matriculation, the young Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. He found himself incompatible with the atmosphere of college and decided to go to London. Before leaving India he vowed his mother to observe abstinence against wine, women and meat. After studying law in London, he came back to India in 1891 to practice. He entered into a one-year in contract 1893 of doing legal work in South Africa.
By the time Gandhiji reached South Africa, British had taken control over it. He made attempts to claim his right as a British subject, he was badly treated. He realized the pitiable plight of Indians there. For twenty one years, he stayed in South Africa for rights of Indian people. His method of action was based upon the principles of nonviolence, courage and truth. Satyagraha encouraged nonviolence. He returned to India in 1915. He also did incredible work to improve the condition of the Untouchables.
He started Satyagraha campaign in India in 1919 to protest the Rowlatt Acts. In 1920 he started Non-Cooperation movement against British but ended it in 1922. After 1922 he became the central figure in the Indian National Congress. Several times the British arrested him for his activities but his respect among people increased day-by-day.
In 1930, he instituted Civil Disobedience movement in which he led Dandi March and made salt to protest the British salt tax. In 1931, he signed a pact with Lord Irwin to take back the Civil Disobedience Movement. Then he went to London for attending Round Table Conference.
He commenced Quit India Movement in 1942 which resulted in India’s independence in 1947. During India’s partition, there was immense bloodshed between Hindus and Muslims. He had been a supporter of a unified nation where all the religious views were respected and people of all religions live together in harmony.
Before he could enjoy breathing in free India, a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse assassinated him on 30th Jan, 1930. Mahatma Gandhi’s biography speaks volumes about him. Any material scale is not capable to measure the moral influence and gospel of our great martyr. His whole life was dedicated to the welfare of others and freedom of India. This biography is a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi. A big salute to this immortal gift to humanity.