Dhanteras


Dhanteras is celebrated with great fervour in Varanasi, and all over India on the thirteenth day of Krishna Paksha, of the Hindu month of Kartik, Ocotber-Novermber according to the Georgian Calendar. Dhan literally means wealth and ‘teras’ means thirteenth. Thus on this day people worship Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Ganesha for good health and prosperity. This year, Dhanteras falls on Monday, on 9th of November.

Dhanteras Calendar

Year Date
2015 November 9
2016 October 28
2017 October 17
2018 November 5

Legend behind Dhanteras

  • It had been predicted that the 16 year old son of King Hima in ancient India would die of a snake bite on the fourth day of his marriage.
  • The new bride being aware of the prediction removed all her ornaments made of precious metals and stones, and kept them at the doorway along with lighted lamps on that night.
  • While her husband slept, the new bride narrated stories and sang songs.
  • Yama, the God of Death as per Hindu mythology, arrived in the form of a snake to take away the prince but was dazzled by the light from the ornaments and lamps.
  • Yama was also distracted by the melodious songs being sung by the bride and left in the morning without harming the prince.
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Rituals

  • Office premises and homes are renovated with a fresh coat of paint and decorated with flowers, lights, and earthen lamps.
  • Elaborate rangolis are created at the entrance as a welcome to the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, Laxmi.
  • People fast the entire day before the puja in the evening.
  • The puja is conducted with earthen diyas, bhajans, traditional sweets, roli and arti.
  • The seven cereals are worshipped on this day including barely, wheat, Urad, gram, Moong and Masoor.
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Dhanteras Celebrations

  • It is believed that buying anything new on this day will bring prosperity.
  • People buy gold, silver, brass or steel, according to their financial capacity, for it is believed to be very auspicious to buy metal on this day.
  • This day is also considered auspicious for launching new business ventures or projects.
  • People exchange gifts of Brass Kalash, Omkara Idol, Idol of Lakshmi and Ganesha, sweet hamper, readymade rangoli, foot prints of Lakshmi, door hangings and etc
  • The festive season begins on Dhanteras with family and friends getting together, sharing time, gifts and feasts.
  • Silver coins with the picture of Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha are also given as gifts.
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Dhanteras Traditions

  • The day is of great significance to the prosperous mercantile community in Western India. Houses and offices are beautifully decorated and colorful Diwali Rangolis or motifs are made to adorn the entrance in order to welcome the Goddess of wealth and Prosperity, Lakshmi.
  • Small footsteps are drawn all over the house to indicate her long awaited arrival. It is also considered favorable to purchase gold or silver on this day. Even those who cannot afford gold or silver ensure that they at least buy two new utensils.
  • A traditional pooja (prayer) is held in the temples in the evening and people light Diwali diyas (small oil lamps) to ward away evil spirits. People also sing devotional songs called Bhajans in praise of the Goddess Lakshmi.
  • Being a businessman, if you perform the puja on Labh Muhurat, then you may get more benefits. The Shubh Muhurat will help you acquire wealth and keep you in good health. It is believed that worshipping on Shubh Muhurat increases one's longevity. However, Amrit Muhurat is considered as the best time to perform the.
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