Cinco De Mayo is the time for having fun and enjoying grand fiestas. Cinco De Mayo, which stands for May 5th is celebrated across US and in the Puebla of Mexico. The day commemorates the battle of Puebla that was fought between the Mexican army and the French invaders. In Pueble, where the battle was fought, Cinco De Mayo is celebrated as El Dia de la Batalla de Puebla, which stands for The Day of the Battle of Puebla. The day is observed to celebrate Mexican heritage and legacy. In Puebla, the day has a special significance and observed as a day to celebrate democracy and gallantry of the Mexican Army that lead to the victory of May 5, 1862.
Cinco De Mayo has its roots to the French occupation of Mexico during 1861.
The series of wars, the Mexican-American War, the Mexican Civil War, and the Reform Wars riddled the Mexican financial system and emptied the treasury. On July 17, 1861 the Mexican President, Benito Juárez, suspended all the foreign loans for two years following the events to offer some respite to the failing economy. In response, France, Britain, and Spain, who were the prime financiers of Mexico, sent their naval forces to the shores of Mexico. Although Britain and Spain later withdrew their forces after negotiating terms with Maxico, France took the opportunity to establish a Latin colony on this region.
The French army faced great resistance in the village of Puebla. Although the 4000 Mexican Army was no match for the well-armed French Army they fought bravely and won the battle that thwarted the advances of the invasion army.
The victory of Puebla acted as a great moral booster for the Mexican people and Cinco De Mayo entered in the Mexican history as a day to commemorate honor and democracy.
Firstly, the Mexican soldiers who were greatly outnumbered by the French Army fought a great battle.
Secondly, the French Army, which was regarded as the best army of that time, was defeated after 50 years.
Thirdly, the battle of Puebla thwarted Napoleon III from replenishing the rebels against the American army. As a result, Americans got a chance to build a powerful army and eventually won the Civil War. So, we can conclude that the battle of Puebla also impacted the American history in a great way.
Cinco De Mayo is celebrated with great fervor across United States mainly by the Hispanic population. In 7th June, 2005 the U.S. Congress, in a proclamation, called the people of the States to celebrate Cinco De Mayo with appropriate revelation.
In 2006, there were more than 150 official Cinco De Mayo celebrations in as many as twenty-one states of the United States. It has turned into an event for the Mexican settlers in the US soil to celebrate their ancestry, heritage and culture. The festive mood of the celebration tends to attract all Americans irrespective of their ethnicity. This day is also significant to recognizing Mexican-Americans who have achieved fame and success in their respective fields. Mexican-Americans take this as an opportunity to showcase and promote Mexican food, drinks, dances and traditions.
Some of the biggest Cinco De Mayo celebrations in the US take place in Los Angeles, San Jose, San Francisco, San Antonio, Sacramento, Phoenix, Albuquerque, and Denver and El Paso.
Although Cinco De Mayo isn’t a Federal Holiday in many neighborhood schools and universities may remain closed. Revelers participate in the festivity with great enthusiasm. Many people hang banners and festoons and decorate their houses. Special lessons are organized at schools to educate students about the historical significances of Cinco De Mayo. Parades, carnivals and processions are organized in many areas.
Many Cinco De Mayo celebrations continue for more than a day and attract large numbers of tourists.