What is Canada Day ?


Canada Day is celebrated on the 1st of July every year by the people of the country. Popularly known as Canada’s birthday, on this day, Canada became a kingdom in its own right. Canada Day is a national statutory holiday celebrated in all provinces and territories. If it falls on a Sunday, the holiday is moved to July 2nd. All of the government offices and many of the private organisations remain closed to observe the day. As Canada Day falls in the Canadian summer holiday period, all schools are closed.

  • Celebrations

  • Every year, the different cities of Canada attract scores of people from all over the country. The people converge to the celebrations to enjoy the stellar performances, spectacular fireworks shows and dance to the tune of local DJs.

    Canada Day Celebrations

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  • Parades:

  • There are parades held in cities, towns and villages, all over Canada on this day. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police have an established group called the RCMP Musical Ride. 32 officers, belonging to this group, perform equestrian drills for the public throughout Canada.

    Canada Day Parades

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  • Musical Concerts:

  • Many concerts are organised in different parts of the country, where stars like Serena Ryder can be seen performing. There are also events known as free family-friendly concerts organised where everyone is welcome to join in to sing a tune and join in the festivities.

    Canada Day Musical Concerts

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  • Honours:

  • Every year the Canada Day Parade celebrates a local celebrity or organization that contributes positively to the community. In 2015, the Canada Day Parade honoured Carl Valentine, a former professional soccer player and coach, who has had a long association with soccer in the Vancouver area.

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  • Other events:

    • Picnics, barbeques, festivals, fireworks and sporting events also mark this day.
    • The Canadian flag can be seen everywhere on this day, with many even painting their faces red and white to depict the flag and their patriotism.
    • Since 2006, Canada Day celebrations are also held at London's Trafalgar Square in the United Kingdom.
    • As Canada approaches its 150th anniversary in 2017, the government has given the department the mandate to organize Canada Day festivities in the capital.

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  • Conveyance:

  • Public transport services operate to a reduced timetable. In some areas, extra services are provided for large scale events. Street closures due to concerts, parades and festivals may cause some local disruption to traffic.

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  • Background

  • Canada previously consisted of three provinces, viz. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Canada province, and was a British Colony. On July 1st, 1867, British North America Act, 1867 (now known as the Constitution Act, 1867) was passed; uniting the three provinces into a single county and Canada was born. On this day, Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain and a federation of four provinces: Nova Scotia; New Brunswick; Ontario; and Quebec.

    However it was not until 1982, when the last vestiges of the control of the British Empire were surrendered, when the Constitution Act patriated the Canadian constitution, that Dominion Day came to be known and celebrated as Canada Day.