Independence implies not only the lack of shackles or fear but the ability to live an unbridled life.
On 15 August 1947, at the stroke of the midnight hour, India woke up to a new dawn and a tryst with freedom. The day commemorates the contribution of freedom fighters in attaining freedom. It was on this day that the British left the country with bag and baggage.
As an important day in the history of India, the Independence Day also witnessed Indian National Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru becoming the first Prime Minister of India as he raised the Indian national flag above the remnants of the Red Fort in Delhi. Throughout these years, the tradition has been retained and on every subsequent Independence Day, the prime minister raises the flag and speaks of the achievements, which is followed by march past of the Indian Military. The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation” on the eve of Independence Day.
Similar events take place in all state capitals where the Chief Ministers of individual states unfurl the flag followed by parades and pageants. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs are conducted in school, colleges, and other institutions throughout the country. Major government buildings and landmarks are adorned with strings of lights.
Indians celebrate the holiday with great splendor and pride by putting the national flag or tricolors on their attire and homes. Other common celebrations include kite flying, singing national anthem “Jana Gana Mana”, listening to patriotic songs, watching patriotic films on television, and bonding with fellow countrymen. The Indian diaspora all over the world celebrates the Day with parades and cultural events.
In schools students a day before with their teachers, vice-principal and principal join together for flag-hoisting ceremony. Numerous performances on how India attained freedom are performed by students .patriotic songs are also sung in chorus. Various competitions are organized to celebrate Independence Day .
Do you know?
India shares its Independence Day with North Korea, South Korea, Bahrain and Republic of the Congo.
The only licensed flag production and supply unit in the country is the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission.
Jawharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, was featured in the prestigious Vogue magazine. He popularized the Nehru jacket, which not only became a famous fashion trend in the West but was also listed on Time list of ‘global fashion statement.’
Upon Independence in 1947, India did not have a National Anthem. It was only in 1950 that the Bengali invocation of Jana Gana Mana became the national anthem.
August 15 was chosen as the day of India’s Independence by Mountbatten as it also commemorated the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied Forces.
Why Pakistan celebrates independence day a day before India?
Well, there are two reasons behind Pakistan celebrating its Independence Day a day before India. Here are the same:
1. Though Pakistan’s first independence day was celebrated on 15 August, it was later advanced to 14 August. Reason for the same was that British Viceroy Lord Mountbatten had already chosen 15 August as the day to celebrate the surrender of Japan to the Allies Power, thereby marking an end to World War II in 1945. He further went ahead to transfer power to Pakistan on 14 August so that he could attend India’s maiden independence day celebrations, which were scheduled to take place in New Delhi on 15 August 1947.
2. It was Pakistan, which, in 1948 decided to celebrate its Independence Day on 14 August simply because 27 Ramadan, the auspicious date of the Islamic lunar calendar, coincided with this date.