Ambedkar Jayanti is one of the significant festivals that is celebrated in India every year on April 14. The day commemorates the birthday of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, the Father of the Indian Constitution. Ambedkar Jayanti is a public holiday in India. This year, India would be celebrating Ambedkar's 126th birthday.
Born in 1891, B R Ambedkar was a distinguished lawyer, politician, economist and social reformer. Ambedkar was highly educated. He held a doctorate in economics and political science from Columbia and London School of Economics.
Born into a humble family, B R Ambedkar was a dalit. Dalits were often discriminated by the upper castes and as such Ambedkar vigorously campaigned to eradicate all forms of discrimination against the community. He also supported the rights of women and the labor class. Dr Ambedkar also campaigned to spread the message of equality and was in favor of abolishing the caste system. He also founded the Independent Labor Party of India.
Following the independence of India in 1947, Ambedkar served as the first law minister of the country. One of his most significant contributions to India is the drafting of the Constitution of the country. It was because of his efforts that he widely came to be called the Father of the Indian Constitution. Dr. Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956. Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honor in the country, was conferred posthumously on B R Ambedkar in 1990. Thus, to commemorate the birthday of the great leader, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated every year on April 14. He was the author of a number of books such as The Annihilation of Caste, Who are Shudras etc.
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all over the country with great passion and devotion. The day witnesses debates being organized around the country on the issues that Babasaheb fought for. Political leaders such as the Prime Minister and Presidental of the country, and leaders of the political parties pay homage to Ambedkar at the Parliament and other parts of the country. The day witnesses elaborate processions being carried out at Mumbai's Chaitya Bhoomi, as well as Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur. People also visit the various statues of Babasaheb to pay homage to their beloved leaders. Apart from India, Ambedkar Jayanti is also celebrated in other countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, which have a significant Indian population.
Schools and universities on the day wear a festive look. Students pay homage to Babsaheb. Many colorful activities are also organized on the day such as debates, essay writing, painting, dance performances, and many sports events.
In 2017, the theme of Ambedkar Jayanti will focus on the empowerment of the poor and marginalized with the use of information and communication technologies to achieve UN's sustainable development goals.